THEOLOGY MINI- COURSE No. 1 Part 1



let's see another prayer the holy sprit and I'd like to read the biblical passage then we'll start our theology course he'll Mary full of grace the Lord is with thee blessed art thou bless thee for thy womb Jesus Holy Mary Mother of God pray for our sinners now come Holy Spirit fill the hearts of your faithful and Kindle within us the fire every divine love send forth your spirit and they shall be created let us pray O God to instruct the hearts of your faithful by light the Holy Spirit granted by the same spirit may be truly wise never choice in his consolation to the same Christ our Lord later got a loop a st. Joseph voluntary saying a shoes okay um should stand for the word of God itself from Romans let's go to have reverence for the word of God whether it be the gospel or not this is taken from Romans chapter 8 and if you do the litters the yahwah's in the morning this would be this first reading for the lives of the hours was it very beautiful which sets the tone for our course as well as what we celebrate today for those who live according to the flesh are concerned with the things of the flesh but those who live according to the spirit with the things of the Spirit the concern the flesh is death but the concern of the Spirit is life and peace for the concern of the flesh is hostility toward God it does not submit to the law of God nor can it those who are in the flesh cannot please God but you are not in the flesh on the contrary you are in the spirit fooling the Spirit of God dwells in you whoever does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him but if Christ is in you although the body is dead because of sin the Spirit is alive because of righteousness if the spirit of the one who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you the one who raised Christ from the dead will give life to our mortal bodies also through the spirit that dwells in you consequently brothers who are not debtors to the flesh to live according to the flesh if you live according the flesh you'll die but if you but if the spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live but those who are led by the Spirit of God are children of God you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear but you received a spirit of adoption through which we cry Abba Father the Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God and children then heirs heirs of God and joint-heirs with Christ if only we suffer with him so that we may be also glorified with him I consider that the sufferings of this present time are as nothing compared with the glory to be revealed for us or creation awaits with eager expectation the revelation of the children of God what creation was made subject to futility not of its own accord but because of the one who subjected it in hope that creation itself would be set free from slavery to corruption and share and the glorious freedom of the children of God we know that all creation is groaning in labor pains even until now not only that but we ourselves who have the firstfruits of the Spirit we also groan within ourselves as you wait for the adoption the redemption of the bodies for in hope we were saved the hope that sees for itself is not hope for who hopes for what one sees we hope for what we do not see we we wait with endurance in the same way the spirit too comes to the aid of our weakness we do not know how to pray as we ought but the Spirit itself intercedes with inexpressible groans the one who searches his hearts knows what is the intention of the Spirit because it intercedes for the Holy Ones according to God's will the word of the Lord yes I felt like I was in an infinite ocean in which there's so much that I didn't really know where to start and myself having a degree in literature or philosophy and theology I was thinking how can I give lay people who have a real hunger for God a mini course in theology we who have receive a degree in theology or studying four to five years so it's kind of a long haul and it's a beautiful adventure for us to study theology but there's no reason why laypeople cannot also study theology and so I thank you very much for coming and what a beautiful day to start because today we celebrate the birthday of the church so I don't think there be a better day in the whole course of the liturgical year to celebrate rather than enter into this mini-course of theology today in which the Holy Spirit descends upon mayor and the Apostles after nine days nine days in prayer and fasting so thank you for coming and I really believe even though this is kind of like a crash course and theology I really believe we're going to really learn a lot in a relatively short time the thought that kept coming to me is to kind of whet your appetite you know what that expression is to whet your appetite it's just give you a little taste of theology and then after these these ten classes hopefully you'll be able to go deeper and who knows maybe we'll be able to have an extension of this so I was thinking where do we start and my thought over the past couple weeks I thought the best way to start is to give you some theological vocabulary okay I think you'll you'll agree that this is a good start the reason being is this let me tell you somewhat of a kind of a funny story I was reading years ago I was reading a documentary and it was on medicine and it was a an article that my older brother wrote in a medical journal my brother is an orthopedic surgeon a graduate from Dartmouth in Columbia you know those type right okay and I was reading his journal and I don't think I understood 25% of what I was reading I have a BA in English literature so I know some words no now why is it if I study for years i study english and literature and grammar and journalism and alliteration in poetry why why would it be that I can't understand this article of my older brother you know the reason why because he is using a language of medicine and I'm not a nurse or a doctor or or physicians decision I'm not I don't have that vocabulary so I was just waiting through that maybe some of you nurses would have been able to understand a lot of it but very very technical language and I think after read about half of it I just put it on they didn't I didn't even finish the article no I don't hopefully my brother wasn't offended No so we have to have we have to have language language skills in this specific area if I were to use baseball language a can of corn no one probably knows what that is that's a high pop that anyone can catch turn to you don't know baseball you know what that is getting a double play okay the suicide squeeze what's that someone's on third base and the batter squares to bunt and if he doesn't bunt it the guy running in is gonna be dead meat No so having ever played college baseball I know a little bit of a baseball language too so I think that this this concept of of language is very important so I like to start off giving you a class on theological language and we're gonna have a break in about 40 45 minutes and then we'll have a break for refreshments and then we'll come back for our second session so these words I'd like to go through these words so that as you go deeper into this topic of theology you know what these words mean okay biology means B oh slow–hey oh it means the study of life okay that's not written on it okay well Jason you were you all probably studied biology especially nursing you probably never know well I didn't know that Bo slow keya biology is the study of life you've heard the word philosophy filo Sophia is this study Sophia is great for wisdom it's a study of wisdom now here's a good one for you cosmetology the study of the face huh I thought I'd throw that baby in okay okay we're going to be studying now theology tayo lohia Theo's is Greek and it means God loggia means study so theology is a study of God and of all the disciplines you could undertake that is the greatest of all disciplines now let's let's go back to our analogy doctors will study medicine but now more than ever medicine is specialized its specialized my brother orthopedic surgeon okay so he deals with surgery of the back okay okay a podiatrist someone who deals with the foot our dermatologist is some of the deals with skin right a pediatrician is someone that Theo's especially with children right a urologist is so unders with problems with often with prostate problems okay these are specific branches of medicine so you might see you might see if I can use analogy theology is like a tree okay the tree has its trunk and the tree grows and it grows and it blossoms and it flourishes and then you always hear those big oak trees on the East Coast okay and all these branches you have wow you have maybe a hundred different branches but it's the same tree got a analogy so theology is the it's the trunk okay it's the trunk now the branches are all the different specific disciplines you have in theology like in medicine as I mentioned medicine is basically dealing with the human body but you got different branches you got surgery you got the Pope that was a way of the feet with a neck with the eyes all the different probably have a hundred different branches of Medicine today so I've tried to write down about 30 different branches of theology of theology so theology is the study of God so you can say in these courses were or undertaking the study of the theology of the study of God and my my experience is a priest giving many missions most people I know good people like you you're very strong on piety party means your your morning prayer your rosary your novena maybe your litany to the Saints your picture of Our Lady of Guadalupe your picture of early perpetual help you know your statue of st. Joseph which is which is really good well where were I think deficient and I'm not saying this in a disparaging way is the doctrinal part so the piety to where is directed more toward the heart the doctrine is divided and divided to the up to the head so they have a a well formed person we have to form our hearts we have to do that but also we have to form our in elect analogy have given when they give Marian talks you have to have the 2ds devotion and doctrine it's kind of like if you've ever gone to Olive Garden with a salad you just have the salad without the condiments on it not very tasty right but man that olive garden salad from Olive Garden is about the best I've ever tasted on it isn't it good so we're trying to form a theological offal Olive Garden here okay we started with devotion I prayed the Rosary with you people now going from we're going from the devotional part to the doctrinal part that happened as a result of original sin you can see that we that's one of my talks Christian anthropology okay okay okay so so systematic theology is a ordered methodical presentation of theology an ordered methodical logical presentation of theology what a plan later on this afternoon or after our coffee break if I have time if I have time I will like to present to you a catechism the Catechism is very systematic if we have catechist here's some people a catechist here a well-ordered catechesis have to has to have four pillars it's very systematic okay so I'm going to try to go through these numbers at a pretty good pace so that we can have a vocabulary okay dogmatic theology is not opposed to catechism did you pick up that joke okay they said dogmatic theology not opposed to catechism okay didn't pick up that pond did you okay dogmatic theology is essentially the study of the articles of the Creed okay repeat dogmatic theology is basically dedicated but American maybe be pointing them out and checking them off is the study of the Creed how many how many of you went to Mass if you're going to Mass already okay what do you have after the homily if you have the Creed okay now in the Creed you probably don't know but there's a lot of greets for example when we pray the rosary we usually play the shorter Creed is called the Apostles Creed according to tradition the apostles were given one article of faith that they went to preach and they concentrate on one article or the other the Twelve Apostles but then there's called there's the Nicene Creed on the Council of Nicaea can might be louder okay can you hear me in the back I think it's pretty is Rosanna can you hear me pretty well okay good I want you to do that Mary yes yeah it's like the priest when the mass change before the mass has changed she started off the Madison said there's something wrong with the mic and they said in and also with heel right I thought you like that one huh okay so dogmatic okay dogmatic theology deals with that which refers basically to the Creed you have the Apostles Creed you have the Nicene Creed there's another crease is called the Athanasian Creed and there are others those are probably the most famous Creed's the Apostles clear that you pray before the rosary to begin the rosary and I seen Creed the praying Mass on Sunday which is longer the Athanasian Creed seeing athenais shoes was an Eastern Father the church we'll be talking a little bit about that now when when you would be exposed to the catechist the Catholic Church do all of you have the Catechism Catholic Church okay now in the in this this is a this is a spiritual masterpiece that if you want to get to know your theology you have to know this otherwise our catechism our theology it will be incomplete if we don't not to say you're going to understand it perfectly but all of you should eventually read this when it came out okay spring your problem remember what we did and all of our masses for a whole year we've made photocopies and we preached for a whole year on the Catechism Catholic Church father al Hall was here father Larry myself remember spring ok we what we spent the whole year whole year or homilies or based on explaining to the Catechism Catholic Church now the first part of the Catechism is on the dogma the dogmatic part so explains what that explains who's the Father the Son the Holy Spirit the relationship between the Father the Son the Holy Spirit the Incarnation hypostatic union okay especially spends a long a long dense period on the three persons of the Trinity because that's the most important mystery in our Catholic faith is the Trinity that's number one in theology we'll be spending some time on the Trinity is the most profound but also mysterious truth is the belief in the Trinity okay dogmatic theology okay following is the the Bible now the Bible okay but the Bible which is the word of God I mean I'll be spending a whole class in the Bible the Word of God all of you should have a Bible okay you'll have a Bible right and the the essence of theology is basically taking from the Bible what is the Catechism the Catholic Church is going to be explaining the Bible to us so the Bible the Bible comes from Greek biblia which means books the Bible is a library of books there's different later eras on top okay so to have a really integral complete theology we have to get to know the Bible the Word of God more and more each day okay the next is that of patristic s– many of you heard the word Patricia's before probably not he's probably that's why it's good that we have oh cobbler now we as priests these words for example patristic s– we spent a whole semester on that one word so that one word we spent a whole a whole three and a half months just in that one word okay now what is patristic means patristic means it's the Fathers of the Church Spanish Padre it's the Fathers of the Church now if you're okay really won't have a deep theology you know Bible Catechism but you have to read the Fathers of the Church now when I am presenting to you you're not going to do it overnight this is going to take a lifetime I'm here again okay limit let me wait your appetite a little bit of the Fathers of the Church john paul ii says the church has two lungs two lungs okay the two lungs you have the western church then you have the eastern church well they're still part of the catholic church you have the western father's and the eastern father's they will not have a whole hour to present under patricia but let me just spend a couple couple minute maybe a minute to on the patristic s– these are among the most eloquent writers in the history of the world so let me give you a gimme I'm gonna give you some of the names of the patria the Fathers of the Church okay number one he was the teacher of st. Agustin and he actually baptized San Agustin he okay in theology also the most famous book written outside the Bible in theology is called confessions of st. Agustin have you heard that a confessions of st. Agustin is the most famous book outside the outside the Bible it's one of the first autobiographies ever written okay in confessions you encounter three Saints you encounter st. Monica encounter Saint Ambrose and you encounter st. Augustine st. Ambrose was the archbishop of what was for many years the biggest diocese the world and that's the city of Milan the land you know Italy southern Italy you've got Palermo and the middle he got Rome and northern Italy we've got terrain where John Bosco is from in Milan where we have st. Ambrose and eventually st. Charles Borromeo also and the 16th century would be one of the greatest Archbishop Cardinals in the world and john paul ii his name is karol white ELO which would be in Charles Borromeo as patron saint ok st. ambrose san agustin who's living about the same time this person is key to understanding theology especially the Bible his name is st. with Jerome st. Jerome is a very important father the church do you people know why you can read the Bible in Spanish Italian in English because of Saint Jerome for when I for Saint Jerome knew people would have to read the Bible and Greek and Aramaic how's your Greek that's Greek to me you're probably going to say yeah you you'd have to read the Bible in Greek in Aramaic because that goes the original amendment so he translated the Bible from Greek and Aramaic into what is called the Volga okay you translate it into Latin and Spanish most he speak aloud he speaks Spanish and French and Italian and Portuguese and Romanian those are the five Latin languages okay and then it was trail into the Germanic languages English and German so we really owe a lot to st. Jerome a lot very important father the church okay who were other Latin fathers at the church okay st. Gregory the Great he was actually a pope he was a father the church I'll give you one more than I'd like to mention some of the East and fathers of the church st. Bernard it's not the dog but the person okay okay st. Bernard st. Bernard who was the greatest man of the century he's known as the mellifluous doctor as your English you know that word means it's a really big College word huh male if Lewis dr. means honey mouth I'm gonna fear anyone who wrote more beautiful poetry and hymns in honor Mary than Saint Bernard all of you have probably heard of Stella Maddie's the star of the sea that's Saint Bernard okay so there okay so there you have a list of some of the most prominent okay prominent Western or Latin Fathers of the Church so what you might do sometime this week after we finish our course just go and Google in okay no writings of Ambrose so Agustin Bernhard Jerome regularly great just to get to know these great figures because this this is the this is the foundation of theology my nation if y'all are the Bible but then the the Fathers of the Church later we'll talk about a doctor the church a little bit different yeah the world Saints but a little bit different fathers and doctors for example you have st. Therese Lesure she's not a she's not a father the church she couldn't became but she's a doctor the church okay okay now the eastern okay st. Athanasius there's a church in Long Beach and I'm gonna st. Athanasius right well fought again well what was called the Arian heresy Jesus there was st. Jesus was not God okay then there's another eastern doctor the church the most eloquent and he was a Greek his name there's a church in Inglewood in honor of him I've been there more than once giving missions have you ever heard of st. John Chrysostom man you read his writings he's like the the Shakespeare is so eloquent uses of images and analogies and what about you people I love language so so eloquent do you know what Chrysostom means Chrysostom means golden mouth another one with the saint peter chrysologus would be golden word chris saga saint peter chrysologus golden word then you have three very good friends in an honour of the holy spirit or honoring today probably the father the church that roast wrote most eloquently and voluminously on the Holy Spirit his name is Saint Basil the Great have you heard of him okay so st. basil the great then two of basil the great friends st. Gregory naseous not non-si Anson and great st. gregory of nyssa okay those are the okay there you have patristic s– and of all the writings of the patristic s– they're so beautiful if you'd ask me father what should I read first I would say to read confessions of San Agustin of all of the the works I mean there's so much out there but the confessions of San Agustin I think would be on the top of my list if any of you subscribed to the great courses the intellectual courses in the country Bill Koch is probably about the best commentator on the confessions I've ever I've ever listened to bill cook bill cook so patristic s– so one last thing i like this and patristic s– many of them were ready to clarify the dogma against the the heresies of the time and one of the heresies a time was Arianism which was a bishop his name was arias he did not believe in the divinity of christ christ was a very good man he was a great preacher but he was not God or the modern Aryans are the Jehovah Witnesses okay and the Mormons Jesus was a good guy but he wasn't God so you see these heresies are going to be reflected to in the course of the catholic often the heresy will repeat itself and just change the name san agustin had to fight in case what was called donut ISM Arianism and many key ISM what is manikyam it's a dualistic philosophy that says the matter matter is bad this spirit is good my founder who lived in the 19th century fought against jansenism jansenism his manic ism rehashed united states pure it is impurity ISM came in it's the same thing but they changed the world so what happens is these heresies they'll they'll repeat themselves and they'll they'll change a little bit but the essence is the same okay so that's the that would be patristic s– you got that so the Western fathers and the eastern fathers and those who will do any of you do the leaders of the hours somebody pray the lazy hours few of those often you're going to see the second reading not always but sometimes you're gonna get one of the fathers of the church probably the most common is st. Agustin one of most prolific writers in the Catholic Church of San Agustin okay from there the next would be that of eschatology here we as seminarians we spend a whole semester on eschatology eschatology now how most of you have done the exercises with us right I think most of you how many of you have done the exercise with us well there's probably 90% okay if you remember when I gave it a certain talk I don't always do but I'll actually throw this word out to you maybe kind of kind of show off a little bit okay but eschatology is what you're meditating upon and the third week after the sin of David eschaton eschatology is a study of the last things that eschaton the study of the last things for me the last thing I am fascinated by that topic I never get tired about talking about the last things because if we meditate upon them we're gonna get to heaven what are the last things the reality of death I'm going to die one day and then what follows is judgment we have both the particular judgment and then the general judgment then the reality of Hell we dine the state of mortal sin we without repentance we could lose our soul and then the reality of heaven that's why we're here now the Protestants would agree with us on those four topics but we have a fifth and that would be of course what's that so purgatory so purgatory that's eschatology the study of the last things one day we're gonna die and we face judgment and or penance on which arrow you hit in the elevator you either go up or down right well make sure we hit the right arrow right you ever take an elevator you want to make you hit the right arrow okay death judgment heaven hell and purgatory and I would have to add a baker's dozen in this topic and it's the reality of eternity we really cannot separate ourselves from these very serious topics without adding to this the reality of eternity okay what would be the heresy against eschatology would be the New Age movement right the whole idea of reincarnation so you're going to see these these theological topics there's almost always going to be some heresy that's going to contradict it you may even go through go through these wines so what does some of the Liberals or the confused Catholics say which is off the mark for example in theology the opposite of theology would be that of an atheist right probably her the eighth you see dominate I'm an atheist thanks be to God okay here meet one of them or the story of a of am an atheist who was talking with a ten year old child I know it's catechism pretty well and the atheist was saying the little boy that God does things is that's just so figment of your imagination God doesn't make this Claudia theology that's a lot of baloney and all of a sudden there was like a wind blowing back and forth and there was it there was an oak tree and an acorn came out of the oak tree and the man looked up and hit him in the nose he got nosebleed and he said to little boy haha that proves that God doesn't exist because if God existed he wouldn't allow a coin to fall hit me in the nose and the little boys I know it proves that God does exist because the eye God did not put watermelon in trees go to response huh ACORN watermelon huh so death judgment heaven hell purgatory and then we have the reality of eternity okay then I like to just go through one more than we can ever break so we'll have a like a by the 10 minute 10 15 minute break let me just go through the seventh or whatever number we're counting no okay my seven is okay then the topic of God you know it'd be an interesting study is ask all of you to write a one-page term paper on who God is I think we probably have about 400 different compositions we might have a few heretics here maybe not I thought we're here we're gonna weed out the heretics okay but I'm saying that a little bit tongue-in-cheek hopefully all of us are right but we just have a different a different perspective of who God is look if I'm actually who Jesus is I – Jesus is we could have we could have hundred different interpretations of Jesus's different Christological titles of Jesus let's just say for example you say he's The Good Shepherd you say he's the bread of life who's right you're both right he's the Good Shepherd but he's also the bread of life right you say he's the way you say he's the truth you say he's the life okay I'm the way the truth and the life so see God as a diamond remember the 12th grade 12 you studied refraction and physics you say that in California refraction while you have like a diamond and then the lights of the Sun goes through the diamond there so it's almost like a rainbow that's coming out you see the different colors okay that's what God is like that is like a beautiful beautiful rainbow and the more that we meditate upon God the more beautiful he is so right now we're going to have we'll have a short break and then we'll he will hear the bell and about 15 minutes we'll come back and and follow up on our theological study of these words ok so glory be to the Father the Son the Holy Spirit so at the door there's some coffee