From Religion To War: How Propaganda Changed The World

Posted By on July 31, 2019



hey everyone thanks for tuning in to dnews plus today I'm trace and this is our best episode ever obviously because it's about propaganda see what I did there we're going to talk a lot about propaganda over the next few episodes in the series there are three make sure you subscribe so you get all those episodes check us out on soundcloud and itunes if you want to get just one episode of all of this squish together but over this series we're going to talk about when we started using propaganda and what it's used for and what exactly it is that's actually pretty hard to define we're also going to talk about whether it works or not and a whole bunch of other stuff so let's kick into it first propaganda is not a new idea it's a common misconception that it came from the beginning of the 20th century but the concept of propaganda dates back way before World War one in World War two I mean many consider Alexander the Great's face on currency in the 3rd century BCE as a form of propaganda you know they were spreading his face around being like check out this guy he's pretty great he's on money that's pretty old 3rd century BCE in fact one of the earliest examples of total propaganda like that's why it was created was in 151 BCE with the basedon inscription I may have pronounced that wrong beh I stunned anyway it's about Darius the first ascent to the Persian throne so it's like Darius is the best many early civilizations weren't able to produce any form of propaganda because if you think about it you need a way to create something and then spread that information around even some of the earliest forms of propaganda weren't necessarily considered you know like free speech for example the citizen class of Greeks and Athens they didn't have outlets for free speech they didn't have newspapers they don't have podcasts they didn't have TVs and radios but they were much more aware of issues that were facing their city-states and they realized that the opinions on those issues were varied and that public opinion could be swayed so they used games and theatre and open courts and religious festivals and that would help sway public opinion playwrights would deliberately write shows about politics and social and moral issues to get opinions out into the populace even handwritten books were making the rounds and this is of course before at the Gutenberg press that wasn't for centuries and centuries in the 12th and 13th centuries po urban ii used religious propaganda to help gain support for the crusades in the early 1500s martin luther used the newly invented printing press to make some of the first forms of propaganda at least you know from a modern definition talking about all sorts of religiously based beliefs that he had that were different from the church at the time he sold hundreds of thousands of pamphlets to support the reformation of the church many containing cartoons of the donkey pope of rome wolf not too long after that during the days of the spanish armada this is round later fifteen hundred 1588 the spaniards wrote stories about their great victories at sea against england and spread them around france and italy and were like what up were the best were the best but they were stories they weren't actually true like at all the truth was the spanish armada had devastating losses so think about that for a second if that sounds familiar it's because it should that's what propaganda is for it's supposed to tell you something and spread an opinion but it doesn't necessarily have to be a true opinion the japanese in other countries use this tactic to keep the will of their citizens from crumbling during long wars you know saying we're doing great we're doing great out there everybody just keep on fighting and we'll get there the term propaganda isn't negative in itself it really is just to inform or spread information to the public it originally came from sacra congregatio de propaganda feeding or Congregation for the propagation of the faith it was a Vatican organization created in 1622 by Pope Gregory the 15th as is normal in religion its goal was to spread the faith and get that information out to the people so that they could hear the word of the Lord and come into the church and spend some money the word propaganda actually comes from the word propagate and comes from old Latin because it's dnews plus so etymology time so propagate and prot to fasten you get propagation which includes spreading of plants if you were to take a cutting from a plant and create another plant you're propagating the plant the Catholic Church also educated their missionary and they would call that propagating the faith as well as we just mentioned then in 1929 in World War one they had a definition that was material or information propagated to advance a cause etc and that's where we think of it today is the propagation of information you're taking this information and specifically advancing your cause and eventually that became a negative in the United States because we saw other countries as doing it to combat us especially during World War one in World War two you know I mentioned earlier the Japanese they were getting propaganda saying keep fighting the war we're winning we're winning and of course the Nazis in Germany in World War two they had a lot of propaganda but wasn't always just our enemies the USA was also getting propagandized constantly all the time and we still do once the Catholic Church created this institution with the goal of spreading information and spreading the faith propaganda was then used in instances throughout history Benjamin Franklin and Paul Revere created pieces of art that were made into pamphlets and papers and distributed throughout the colonies to help inspire public support to fight for freedom things like the snake cut up into pieces with the caption join or die that you probably recognize some of that as don't tread on me these days each snake representing a different colony there's Paul Revere's depiction of the Boston Massacre and that was just five years before the start of the Revolutionary War not too long after that we saw the French Revolution where there were tons and tons of different types of propaganda coming out of there Voltaire and Rousseau were writing these anti bourbon sentiments in the Bourbon family had reigning kings from 1589 to 1792 the French moderate Republican Party distributed broadsheets among enemy troops offering rewards for people who were deserting in fact the more you look into the history of propaganda the more you that you see used to have reputable and dignified associations spreading ideas and information about a cause to try and gain support and usually history has judged them as just causes but that did change around World War one which I hinted at earlier the advent of Technology made propaganda easy to make and easy to distribute and once that happened propaganda could reach this mass audience you could propagandize everyone it wasn't just a leaflet that someone had created in order to tell you something important it could be a leaflet created by anybody to tell anybody anything and it spread like wildfire but unfortunately governments quickly began to censor and propaganda developed this bad rap because only certain people were allowed to propagandize and those people were not always the people you'd want to be able to do that governments began touting huge victories and belittling defeats and making light of things that maybe were more important and making a mountain out of a molehill that maybe shouldn't have been all of this is to win over the hearts and minds of people or at least keeping them cheerful and confident and United and discrediting the enemy at the same time and this wasn't just happening in dictatorships many democratic nations that had Free Press worked with their governments toward national efforts the Germans were the first to realize it wasn't just your own country in your enemies countries that you wanted to propagandize but neutral countries too because a lot of what we've talked about so far is me propagandizing you or my government propagandizing me but what happens if my government starts propagandizing the enemy or somebody else so the Germans set up powerful radio stations that were so powerful that they could broadcast to Mexico and South America and over those radio waves they would say that they were favorable country and that the Allies were not so great and they were trying to cause uprisings in these colonial possessions of the Allies because if you remember prior to World War two there were still empires from the West so when Germany would say hey countries over in South America and Central America throw off your imperial oppressors you don't need those people that's what we're trying to do and that would make the Allies not look so great closer to at least to the United States in the homeland there and that's how it continued throughout the 20th century I mean we're still being propagandized now obviously a big time for propaganda that we glossed over was World War two but a lot of people talk about that Rosie the Riveter and war bond and you know the depictions of Jews by the Nazis and it seems like propaganda can be associated with periods of stress and turmoil but does that work does propaganda actually influence your hearts and minds find out about that tomorrow let us know a memorable piece of propaganda from your history what kind of propaganda stands out to you now looking back for me it's the Bugs Bunny cartoons from World War two where they were depicting Japanese people as stupid and really bad caricatures and it was Bugs Bunny that's so weird let us know yours down in the comments make sure you subscribe so you get more of dnews plus and if you want to learn some other really awesome stuff check out the great courses plus we want to thank them for sponsoring this episode of dnews plus the great courses plus gives you on-demand access to a huge library of really awesome video courses presented by experts in their fields so you could watch experiencing the Hubble understanding the greatest images of the universe it's really awesome I highly recommend it if you want unlimited access to all of the great courses plusses lectures help us out you can sign up for a free month today all you have to do is go to the great courses plus comm slash dnews plus link is down in the description thanks for tuning in we'll see you tomorrow

Posted by Lewis Heart

This article has 47 comments

  1. the modern art of propaganda started in the united states with the advent of advertising you have not done a good job with this one

    Reply
  2. the common name for the College for the Propagation of the Faith is the Grand Inquisition. I stopped in the middle of this lecture I hope you remember to mention that as it is important when talking about propaganda.

    Reply
  3. One of the earliest sample of propaganda is the story written by Sargon and it was commonly written about how he was found in a floating crib rescued by a fisherman who adopted him and raised him and because he seemed special so became cup bearer to a king who was evil,poisoned him created a military coup,won acclamation and support by the people,and afterwards became an all conqueror who never lost a battle.Another example is Ramses 2 account of the winning the battle of Kadesh (which he lost) if you were to Hittite writings and that of other cultures of the near east at the time.

    Reply
  4. an Islamic organization in Indonesia use propaganda to gain their will to change Indonesia into a Khilafah System , and its still going , some political party in Indonesia also use this issue to take people atention and support approaching the president election in 2019

    Reply
  5. Can you make more videos, please.since its been 2 years.I'm sure you could: update old episodes/add new things/Or create new episodes, with new information.Since its been 2 years.

    Reply
  6. The phone ring / holographic screen / chip version / or just glue version. phone rings. new tech products for your convenience. 🙂 just dial !! gives a Ring.

    Reply
  7. There is no God & all religions are mythical plagiarized bullshit stories. Spirituality is nonsense

    Judaism, Christianity, Islam, etc. most of their foundational beliefs, holy practices & fascinating stories ORIGINATED from EITHER ancient Sumerology, Indianology, Egyptology, Astrology, Astronomy, Mythology, EVEN from other OLDER/UNPOPULAR religions/mythologies. These common beliefs & practices existed 1000's of years long BEFORE your religion/mythology was INVENTED. It may not be EXACTLY the same thing but we can see where the IDEAS came from & evolved, thanks to ANCIENT HIS-STORY. Out of all the religions in the world the Abrahamic ones are the WORST, they are a gigantic MESS. Myths mixed with myths, fabrications deliberately written into his-story & forced upon poor UNEDUCATED illiterate people

    Pharaoh Akhenaten/Amenhotep IV (Egypt/Kemet) and Zarathustra/Zoroaster (Iran/Persia) we're the unrelated original PIONEERS/INVENTORS of Monotheism, not the mythical Judeo-Christian Abraham

    Also, if you seriously believe in any divine SPIRITUAL nonsense then you're either emotionally damaged or you might be suffering from a mental illness called PSYCHOSIS or SCHIZOPHRENIA. Don't worry, it's very common nowadays

    Go read a book, maybe an encyclopedia, study ancient religions, ancient history, mythology, astrology, astronomy, religious languages, basic maths, seek bias & non bias information…Educate yourself & free your mind from MENTAL SLAVERY

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  8. the us is a propaganda machine they learn their tactics from Joseph Goebbels a Nazi propagandist he was a pro at what he did let me take a look at Hitler and what he managed to succeed into getting him elected

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  9. The vilification of Hillary Clinton is a perfect example of propaganda, since it resulted in the election of a buffoon to the American presidency.

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  10. For Nigeria it was a tribalistic propaganda started by Obafemi Awolo which took full advantage of underlaying tribalism, blew it up into what it is and is still being perpetuated by politicians today.

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  11. Atheism made inevitably the materialistic definition of the word propaganda that can be depicted in the communist regime or any utopic totalitarian regime.
    So in other word propaganda is still an product of communication that is good or bad all depending on who is making it.
    The Catholic Church had and still have undoubtedly and factually the best representation of what is good propaganda.
    The Spanish Inquisition has been paint badly by European propagada for their remarkable invention, the printing press.

    Reply
  12. President George W Bush and his stupid "mission acomplished" speech because right after that the insurgency started…

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  13. The pledge of allegiance being a mandatory ritual in our public schools needs to stop. End the indoctrination of our people. Also, I don't appreciate the military going to schools trying to steal the lives of our children. I'm so disgusted with the lies and manipulation constantly being spread like the plague.

    Reply
  14. good idea to put the tape covering up the logo on traces laptop otherwise i never would have been able to know that it was a macbook

    Reply
  15. American Propaganda is easy to spot.
    Things like Palestine is so very bad and the jews are so very good.
    When in reality. Jews of Israel are horrible people.

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  16. Still going on today in Syria for example. US media focus on civilians killed by Russians and the Assad regime, while Russia does the exact opposite.

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  17. the war in Iraq. The greatest propaganda campaign in history, the criminals in the Bush administration got the world to believe in a complete fiction

    Reply
  18. Knowledge and skepticism is a great defense against propaganda.

    This video does a nice job of explaining what propaganda is, and how to recognize it in the field.

    Especially relevant today — #freeAssange

    Reply
  19. 8:09 the "bad" guys would propagandize neutral colonies like American colonies to cause uprising and rebellions by putting fake information in their ears with their ridiculously string broadcasting stations

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  20. 3:15 propaganda is for spreading a opinion/ thought/idea/event whether it is or isn't true like sending to other countries we won a war and locking down all other info on the truth, so that now other countries are less likely to attack you

    Reply
  21. HI sir me myself Us Adhikari from NEPAL AND I ALSO HAVE A DREAM OF HOSTING THE SCIENCE LIKE u have (D news) and inspiring the people towards science and i want to make a great show in my country for that i want your advice for my show in my country tv show and my question is that
    1…how to gain all the information what you are expressing at D news
    2….do you go on field and gain all information .or how u gain

    if u help me than ,think u are helping my country people okk .and i feels like my country is in stone age so i want to inspire my country people so please help me i hope a nice,fresh and positive response .

    Reply

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