Explaining Protestant Denominations!

Posted By on May 22, 2019

you welcome to I'm your target demographic on this channel I try to explain things that might be confusing or tricky to navigate I found success with covering religions such as Catholicism Mormonism and even Scientology today we're going to cover Christianity but specifically how the different denominations of the religion are different I'm going to dive deepest into Protestant sects so we're not going to cover Catholic or Orthodox groups police denominations are mostly Protestant some wouldn't self-identify as Protestant now as a heads up this is going to be a superficial look at these denominations look at how long this video is it'll be surface level but hopefully a decent look at what separates and unites these groups I also want to say quickly that this list won't cover every single sect of Christianity it's a massive list there are many different belief sets but I'm going to do my best to cover a diverse group of them so if you're already lost let's briefly cover what the term Protestant means in 1517 a German theology professor named Martin Luther challenged the policies of the Catholic Church which was dominant at the time Luther never intended to split away from the church but rather he wanted to reform the church from within the biggest problem he saw was the sale of indulgences the idea that one could buy their way into heaven by paying more money here on earth money incidentally that went to pay for Michelangelo and the painting of the Sistine Chapel the sale of indulgences is arrested on the authority of the Pope to decide Catholic doctrine rather than on the Bible which led Luther into conflict with him in 1521 Luther and his protesters were excommunicated from the Catholic Church in response Luther burned the letter excommunicating him the people who followed Luther and those with different problems who followed after were called Protestants because they protested the Catholic Church so here we begin our discussion on the first denomination in this video Lutheran Martin Luther described Christianity through what he called the five SOLAS the Latin word for alone he believed that we are saved by grace alone through faith alone in Christ alone by his sacrifice on the cross alone as told in Bible alone he rejected the idea that we could earn our way into heaven through paying money or performing good deeds or believing the right things there is nothing that a human being can do to impress a perfectly good being like God therefore God became human in Jesus Christ to night humanity to himself and to save humanity from the deadly consequences of its own sin through his own death and resurrection this is the gift of God's grace which Luther believed we received the gift of faith to Lutheran's faith is not believing in the right doctrines or making an intellectual decision for Christ as some Protestant sects belief but rather faith is God initiating an intimate trusting relationship with him but to know the story of Jesus one has to be able to hear it besides indulgences another of Luther's problems with the Catholic Church was the insistence that the Bible could only be read and recited in Latin the language of scholars he translated the Bible into German so that the common people could read and hear it for themselves Luther also believe that clergy people should be allowed to marry in that priests monks and nuns were not an extra special class of holy people any honest work done well was holy work whether it was making shoes or tilling fields with these exceptions Lutheran's still worship much like Catholics do using many of the same forms Lutheran's still practice the baptism of infants like Catholics do and believe that Christ is truly present in the bread and wine of the Eucharist or as some people might call the communion what Lutheran's ultimately rejected is the idea that the authority of human beings is higher than the authority of the Bible and that human authorities have the right to put rules and barriers between people and God around the same time we have John Calvin a French theologian who also parted ways with the Catholic Church and had some differences of belief with the Lutheran's specifically the Lutheran's held on to the idea that the Eucharist was actually and literally the body and blood of Christ whereas the Calvinists point of view is that Christ exists in the elements alone alongside the bread and wine they both believe the crisis present as opposed to other denominations that we'll talk about soon that view this tradition as a symbolic gesture only Calvinists also believed that God has predestined things to happen if someone is saved it is because God planned for them to be saved and any choices we make in this process are because of his ultimate choices we believe our sin is such a burden that we cannot pursue salvation without God's intervention and allowance there is a handy acronym to help understand what Calvinists believe called tulip let's go through it quickly total depravity points to the notion that we are full of sin and even more so dead God of his own power can save us we are unable to do it alone unconditional election means that God chooses who receive salvation the fact that it's unconditional means that both the good and the bad can receive salvation regardless of their acts limited atonement means that not everyone will be saved God has foresaw this future decided already who will be saved not everyone will or can be irresistible grace means that if God chooses to give salvation to you you will have no choice but to pursue it and lastly we have preservation of the Saints this means that if you were truly a Christian and truly want to embrace salvation that God will never let you perish and will hold you close forever now let's transition away from Calvinism while these denominations separate from the Catholic structure of the church let's talk about Anglicanism represented in the United States by the Episcopal Church this church embraces what is called apostolic succession meaning that their bishops have a succession line going back to the original 12 apostles Anglicanism as a distinctive tradition traces back to st. Augustine of Canterbury the first Catholic bishop in England lowercase Episcopal is used to describe any church that still uses this linear but we're talking about the uppercase Episcopal and Anglican churches here like the Catholic Church they have parishes and diocese throughout the world headed by bishops comedian Robin Williams said this about the strong similarities between the Episcopal and the Catholic Church yeah I'm an Episcopal that's Catholic light you know same religion half the guilt in terms of beliefs they are often described as following a Via Media or middle way between Roman Catholicism and other Protestant denominations after breaking with the Pope the leaders of the Church of England selectively incorporated beliefs from the continental Reformation in to Anglican doctrine they believe in grace alone and there's special importance placed on baptism and communion though they also acknowledge other sacraments from Catholicism as well though not seen as required Episcopalians in the United States especially are mostly known for their progressive social stances they've long fought for a higher living wage for everyone and had an active role in the civil rights movement they're also one of the only Christian denominations to allow same-sex marriage if they're presiding bishop permits it and most do LGBT church members are also eligible to be ordained as priests with the first being ellen berry in 1977 the first openly gay bishop was appointed in 2003 Gene Robinson this was a divisive move in the church and he even wore a bulletproof vest at the ordination following several death threats as the Episcopalian branch split off so did what we now call Methodists this denomination is based on the teaching and writings of two brothers named John and Charles Wesley who traveled from the UK to America to be missionaries to Native Americans now this failed mostly but it strengthened their conviction and they returned to England preaching salvation to all which was against the Calvinist viewpoint of God pre-ordained Ian who would be saved they also used the term new birth which has slowly evolved into what we call born-again though this term is used by all sorts of Christian groups now the Wesley's and their other leaders in the movement also found themselves stretched too thin when they focused on training and ordaining normal people to become pastors and teachers again breaking from the more traditional denominations that focused on structure and power something else at the Methodist churches were known for was to focus on hymns with Charles Wesley writing over 6,000 hymns in his lifetime churches weren't usually very musical at this time so this differentiated the church then but it continues to be a major factor in their worship services now but this is a much more relaxed feeling as opposed to the Anglican / Episcopal churches they do retain the structure of bishops that preside over certain areas so they'd be classified as Episcopal with a lowercase e we're now going to transition to the Presbyterian Church this denomination eventually splintered from the Church of Scotland in terms of belief they usually aligned with Calvinist points of view including God's predestination on who is saved and who is not presbyterian churches can dramatically be different so you might find this thought in some churches and not others they differentiate themselves from other denominations by focusing on a confessional type of tradition they used statements such as the Apostles Creed or the Nicene Creed to reaffirm their collective beliefs they believed strongly in the community as a whole over the individual this also connects to their focus on allowing all members of the church of voice allowing all changes to go through a voting process with the general membership most higher level church administration are elected into those positions we're now going to cover Baptists which is quite a varied group but united under one common belief the rebuttal of the infant baptism and preference of the believers baptism usually for adults who find salvation they also stress complete immersion during baptism as opposed to sprinkling while they stress that immersion is the only way to be baptized they don't see baptism as necessary for salvation but rather an act that we should do to show the world our faith the other thing that makes Baptist somewhat unique is that they don't have a central authority each congregation tends to have autonomy they might be connected to organizations that give support or offer fellowship opportunities but these congregations are all self-governing this makes the label of a quote-unquote Baptist Church somewhat tricky as each congregation might have a different way to worship or a difference in belief on certain points there is no overarching body or set of documents to bring these churches into alignment predating the Baptist denomination is the Anabaptists which also rejected children's baptisms and instead focus on adult baptism the difference between the two is really about culture as the Anabaptists reached far further in history than the Baptist's the anabaptists began in the late medieval ages about 1,500 census beliefs ed is so old it's hard to trace its origin and there are even multiple theories on how it came to be during these dark ages we do know that Anabaptists were persecuted for having counter opinions or even tortured and executed to try to stifle the movement Anabaptists have now been split into many denominations including groups like the Amish Hutterites and the Mennonites the Amish and the Hutterites are mostly direct descendants of their original counterparts so are considered ethnic groups while the Mennonites have incorporated many new members into their congregations all of these groups have a strong community and cultural aspect including traditional clothes and even the dialect of their old homeland the Amish for example formed from a schism of Swiss and a Baptist they still read prayers and sing in German but some of them speak what's called Pennsylvania Dutch now there are some sects of the Anabaptists that have come into the modern age and have culturally assimilated while some still reject modern technology and live in relative isolation even today the core tenants of believers baptism nonconformity to the world and a focus on pacifism are still stressed in most Anabaptist communities there is a group that shares some of these values it might be confusing for the average person and that is the Quaker population who also prefer plain clothes and refuse to participate in war though they differ greatly from the Anabaptists the Quaker movement began just after the Protestant Reformation as a man known as George Fox began to teach that you don't need an intermediary or a priest to commune with God the actual movement was called the religious Society of Friends or friends church for short they have a strong emphasis on missionary work which spread the church throughout the world the most recent account says that 52 percent of Quakers are now in Africa likely due to these missionary efforts specifically to countries like Kenya Uganda and Rwanda while the number of Quakers are relatively low they have drastically different belief sets across these congregations there are very traditional groups and very liberal groups and everything in between one unique thing about the Quakers is their stance on communion or the Eucharist for a long time the Eucharist in other churches was only prepared and served by men in the traditional churches and the Quakers believed that women had every same privilege and right as men so they denied taking the Eucharist out of principle they've come to replace it with the idea of sharing meals together similar to the Last Supper and believe that Jesus can join people in that moment today modern Quakers have generally assimilated into the larger culture in terms of dress so there are a few that are drawn to live the old Quaker way and isolate from the world in certain ways now we're going to transition one of the more sensationalized sects of Protestant Christianity and start discussing what it means to be Pentecostal being a Pentecostal Christian falls under the umbrella of what is called charismatic Christianity a group of denominations that arose her own movement in the 1800's called the holiness movement where Christians started to break off from other sects most often Methodist churches and tried to become more in line with the literal biblical scripture charismatic churches and specifically Pentecostal churches emphasize spiritual gifts much more than the other churches or at least maybe emphasize spiritual gifts that are maybe under emphasized in those churches one of these gifts is the speaking of tongues which is where someone might speak in a language that is not understandable what this language is or what it means is hotly debated some churches believe that the speakers are speaking in an ancient language that we've forgotten or is no longer used while others believe the language is that of the angels of heaven itself there are other people in these churches who typically have a gift of understanding tongues and can translate what is being said speaking in tongues is an uncommon practice so it's often hard to believe it when it's happening even for believers Pentecostal Christians also engages some other unique practices such as potentially handling snakes which is to prove that even dangerous animals cannot harm those doing God's work these poisonous snakes do often bite the speakers and sometimes the speaker even dies though it's usually claimed to still be God's intent the number of churches that still use snakes and their sermons is very low even among Pentecostal churches the third big difference in how you might have seen or experienced Pentecostal churches is through their belief in healing often held in large tents as the church traveled and evangelized and healed the sick and crippled they believed that with enough belief even normal people could conjure up miracles with God's power while not scientifically proven or disproven there are many testimonies of healing actually occurring in these situations enough to encourage its continued practice these three things the speaking of tongues the snake handling and the healing of the sick are the most sensationalized acts of the Pentecostal churches but like all denominations it differs greatly from church to church there are many Pentecostal churches that don't do any of these things and look very similar to other denominations another form of Protestant Christianity that you've at least heard of is being an Adventist there are many types of Adventist but we're really going to dive into the largest portion of this pool the seventh-day Adventist well some denominations differ from church to church the seventh-day Adventists have an overarching organization the General Conference which includes the office of the president house in Maryland in the United States this governing body makes all large decisions including debates on Scripture and administrative decisions for the church why they're called the seventh-day adventists is that they believe that Saturday not Sunday represents the Sabbath and they typically spend this day resting and a joint fellowship with other believers but they will not work or do errands on this day another distinctive belief for most seventh-day Adventist is that hell while usually seen as a never-ending torture is not infinite in their belief set they believin what's called annihilationism then after their final judgment non-believers will instead be destroyed total extinction adventist also put a huge emphasis on humanitarian work and education in terms of service projects there is an Adventist development and relief agency that works in 125 countries and employs over 4,000 people in terms of Education Adventists operate over 7,000 schools including colleges and universities with the largest being the northern Caribbean University in Jamaica now Adventist Christians sometimes share a similarity with another denomination that we're about to cover the idea of celebrating holidays is a divisive one in the Adventist population as some might choose to not celebrate holidays like Christmas or Easter or even celebrate birthdays yet many do so it's a divisive choice the president of the church wrote a statement that it's up to each person to decide on their own the church has no official stance either way this is similar to what you may know or have heard about the Jehovah's Witnesses often known for their lack of celebrating any holiday this is a standard across their churches that any sort of celebration is against God's will even Christmas is not celebrated as God said to celebrate his death not his birth birthdays are not celebrated for should be the spiritual birth that is acknowledged witnesses do not see themselves of the world so they don't celebrate national holidays and they do not glorify warfare in the military so they don't celebrate holidays such as Memorial Day this can be tricky to understand especially for children as they don't share in birthday or holiday festivities in the classroom how the Jehovah's Witnesses worship is also a little different as their churches are actually called kingdom halls and typically though not always these halls don't have any windows and don't feature any crosses so you may not even know that it's a place of worship the answers for why the buildings don't have windows has a few prominent answers but the most common is the expense and time of building a Kingdom Hall typically these buildings are raised in just a few short days so the luxury of adding windows is a burden on time and why no crosses scripture says to not worship idols which Jehovah's Witnesses see the cross as it's a symbol and Idol something other than gods they choose to not use them like the Adventist Jehovah's Witnesses also believe that extinction is the fate of the non-believer the core tenants of watcher homas Witnesses believe differentiates them from any other sect of Christianity witnesses do not believe that Jesus Christ is equal to God they do not believe in the Trinity as is traditionally seen should Jesus be revered and respected yes the warship should solely be placed on God which is likely another factor in removing the cross they believe that Jesus was indeed the Son of God and did indeed give his life to offer salvation but they also trust Jesus when he said that the father is greater than I John 14 28 so they focus their worship on God alone now that we're discussing denominations that diverge from traditional beliefs it's time to cover what's called Christian Science or the Church of Christ Scientist this religion focuses on the fact that only the spiritual world is real and that our physical world here is an illusion so any sickness that people might face should be able to be addressed through prayer alone because of the name people often confuse Christian Scientists with the Church of Scientology which is very much not a Christian Church and is the focus of another video all to itself while this is a small denomination makes the headlines quite often as many legal cases have been in the news in the debate over whether parents must give medical attention to a child or if their potential death would be considered negligent in most countries even today it is still their religious freedom that allows them to turn away medical help that would save their children the actual history these lawsuits is again tumultuous with incidents that favor the Christian Scientists and incidents condemning their behavior the law is still very messy and all other religious organizations will often support Christian Scientists in these lawsuits as a benefit of religious freedom benefits all of them before we in this video you may be asking where other Christians are classified maybe you live in our Christian but don't know which of these denominations fit you the term for most of these Christian churches is nondenominational Christianity this basically means that these churches are autonomous they don't exist under any larger umbrella and they don't report to any governing body these non-denominational Christian churches include a large group of people in 2014 it was cited as 6.2 percent in the United States population the second-highest group of Protestants just under Baptists since these groups are varied pinpointing their exact theological beliefs is tricky if you're part of a nondenominational church or want to learn about them you can start by asking questions about the Church's stance on salvation the Trinity and sacraments such as communion this should open up more opportunities for questions to make sure that their values align with yours so hopefully this was an interesting journey I know we didn't include every facet of Protestant Christianity and even the denominations that we did talk about it was fairly brief and superficial maybe someday we'll cover some of these branches more extensively but this was meant just to give you a look at how they differ and what some of these groups are like we have other religion videos to check out so look at these videos highlighted on the screen and give them a look subscribe if you find this interesting and thanks for watching

Posted by Lewis Heart

This article has 23 comments

  1. Catholics don't believe an individual can earn their way into Heaven. As a result of Christ's death and resurrection in which through Baptism as well as the other Sacraments Christ instituted which are His works we receive the gift of Sanctifying Grace which is Christ within us which saves us making it possible to be joined with God in Heaven. Before the Advent of Christ no one could be joined with God in Heaven because of original sin. The righteous went to a paradise called the Bosom of Abraham in which Catholics called it Limbo of the Fathers which was not Heaven.

    Faith is a type of knowledge by itself it cannot save you, but faith leads one to the Sacraments which can save them as mentioned above. So in a Catholic prospective we are saved by Grace alone. We can co-operate with Sanctifying Grace which will produce Actual Grace. As Sanctifying Grace is Christ within oneself Actual Grace is Christ visible from outside oneself connected to an action or deed a good work which comes from God.

    As St. James stated in Scripture faith without works is dead. Knowledge without action is dead.

    As for sin there is sin which is deadly Catholics call mortal sin and there is sin which is not deadly which Catholics call venal sin which this distinction is made within Scripture. As mortal sin has a double consequence both temporal and eternal punishment, venal sin only has the consequence of temporal punishment.

    Besides for repenting sin meaning turning away from sin God remits the eternal consequence of mortal sin. There remains satisfaction owed to God for having sinned. There individual can repay God here on Earth through acts of penance otherwise it will be repaid to God in the afterlife a state of purification called Purgatory. Purgatory also serves by allowing the individual to recognize their own faults and with the help of God correct them. These unhealthy attachments to the things of this world can't be taken with the individual into Heaven for nothing unclean may enter into Heaven.

    As for indulgences they can't be bought or sold rather they are given by the Church under the authority of the Pope the successor of St. Peter who holds the keys to Heaven. What is forgiven by the Church is forgiven by God this includes the debt of satisfaction an individual would owe to God in which through the merits of Christ and the saints the debt is forgiven.

    In order for one to receive an indulgence they are required to be a Christian in a state of Grace and they must meet the prescribed conditions to receive the indulgence. For example the Sacrament of Reconciliation the individual confesses their sins making a good confession the Priest by the authority of Christ forgives them their sins which are forgiven by God and the individual is now in a state of Grace. Then the Priest prescribes a penance if that individual does the prescribed penance they recieved an indulgence from the Church.

    What lead to the abuses since the Middle Ages was Priests prescribing alms giving as the penance basically donating money to the Church just to receive the indulgence from the Church.

    As for the communion of saints which is why we can receive the merits of Christ and the saints in Heaven. Picture the Church in Heaven the Church here on Earth and the Church in Purgatory being all connected together through Christ. Which is why our prayers on Earth can benefit the saints in Purgatory and why the prayers of the saints in Heaven can benefit us here on Earth.

  2. Our Protestant interlocutors will claim they are members of the spiritual or invisible church when in fact Christ established a very visible and vibrant and physical Church.

    Catholics do not deny the spiritual dimension of the Church, but in order to be a spiritual member of the Church, one who also be a physical member of the Church to worship in Spirit and in Truth.

    This video addresses THE SPIRITUAL CHURCH FALLACY, and shows that the Church is to be easily found as a light upon a hill cannot be hidden.

    The Spiritual Church Fallacy ~ @

  3. Jehovah Witnesses, 7th Day Adventists, and Mormons are not Protestants. Some might say that they are not Christians. I would refer to them as Psuedo Christians.

  4. Jehovah’s Witnesses and Christian Scientists are not Christian. It’s a stretch to say Episcopalians and SDAs are.

  5. I find it interesting that you state in the beginning that there are too many branches of Christianity, yet you throw in two non Christian faiths (Jehovah’s witnesses and Scientology). Why even have them in the video?

  6. To any Jehovah’s witness I ask how does Daniel 10:13 effect the way you see Jesus? The verse says:

    “But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.”

    So is Jesus just one of the chief princes? I encourage you to read this verse, in context, and understand who and what Jesus really is.

    Colossians 1:16-17

    "For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.”

    This verse shows that even Michael was created by Jesus. I pray that your eyes will be opened to who He is.

  7. Very good! The word is protestantism and NOT christanism, as the latter covers even the oriental churches (russians, armenians, etc.)

  8. jesus christ founded the one true holy catholic and apostolic church in 33 ad– that same church exists today almost 200 years later, unchanged- he didn't intend for all of these heretical and false churches to come into existence–theyre not the truth

  9. This confusion confirms my believe that the Catholic Church is the one true apostolic Church of God.

  10. I'd say Pentecostal is more common to see Speaking in tongues, liberation of spirits and demons, and healing

  11. WRONG WRONG WRONG – indulgences are ONLY means to reduce time in Purgatory for those who died in Grace, that is, ALREADY SAVED!!!!

    I was taught this bullshit in HS in the ‘70’s when I was still a Presbyterian.

    Simony is the selling of blessings and that has always been a MASSIVE SIN.

    Doesn’t anybody talk to a Roman Catholic priest before they start shooting your mouth’s off???

    It’s unbelievable that people will accept the teachings of Luther, Calvin, Knox, Wesley and gossip over the 1500 years of theology established by the Church Doctors and Magisterium of the Holy Mother Church established by Jesus Christ – not one of 30,000 off shoots. Sure, these dudes knew more.
    Hell, Luther throughout seven books of the Bible because it didn’t conform with his theories. Nice.

    Bottom line: Roman Catholicism is too much work for a lot of people, but not for 1 billion Roman Catholics. How much work are you willing to put into your salvation??

    You can start by getting your facts straight about the Roman Catholics. Ironically, that is usually what causes people to convert.

  12. Jesus presented the keys to the Kingdom (and Church) through the Apostle Peter. Some believe that they represented the three keys that Peter was instrumentally responsible for the Jews, Samaritans and Gentles to become included into Christianity.  However, that does not mean there were to be only three keys.  A Kingdom key is one that opens doors to the Gospels for all peoples and societies.  However, as is always the case, once a pattern of doctrine is accepted, it is difficult to progress because of the vulnerability of faith among the flock, so it becomes dogma, or permanent.  Yet, the Good News cannot be limited to such a limit, so God has allowed others to obtain Kingdom Keys that discover insight and spiritual prosperity for others as well, and they form another pattern of doctrines, and then dogma.  All the Christian denominations are products of Christians using the Kingdom Keys to open up the glory of God and his Christ.  In the end times, there are visions that finally measure the temple and discards the court of the nations, meaning, all Christians must come back to the perfect cube of faith, the primary doctrine of the Christ.  All of our spiritual prosperities and insight must be brought together to the Glory of the True God and His Christ.  That is what the denominations are, users of the Kingdom Keys.

  13. Simple, man made church. So many claimants of “Spiritual Intervention” that led to thousands of denomination. Why can’t Christians just have one church? I mean isn’t it written in the Bible that Jesus told Peter that God will build ‘a’ church upon Peter?

    What church is it?

    Imagine I as an atheist to Christianity convert not knowing which is the ONE true church. Everyone claiming their’s is the one true church.

    Example, you have protestantism from Martin Luther and you’re like okay what church is that? Lutheranism? Prybesterian? Episcopalian? Medothism? And many more. An estimated 47,000 protestant denominations actually. So honestly, which is it?


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