Between India and Pakistan – the Sikhs | DW Documentary

Posted By on February 23, 2020


[Music] relations between India and Pakistan are somewhat entangled affair rather like at first glance the turban gone by Sikh men Amardeep Singh is curious to know what happens when an Indian seat like himself travels to Pakistan he’s decided to embark on a pilgrimage and for the first time in his life cross the border via the new car Tata 4 corridor I’m thick I’m a bond thick the visiting my gurus place it is like a Muslim is visiting a mecca for am indeed the journey is also a sentimental one visiting the homeland of his ancestors and to the other half of his culture split in two by the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 a former Indian consul general the Pakistan explains Qatar / is very very I can’t stress it more very very very important to them and don’t forget that it is probably the Sikhs who suffered the most at partition the Sikhs who lost the most at partition and the Sikhs also who retaliated the most at partition how did the tiny minority of Sikhs become such an important political issue for the two powerful nations will cut part 4 change anything for the Sikhs could it be a testing ground for peace between India and Pakistan more than 70 years after their partition as we travel through India and Pakistani Punjab we come across new hopes and fears [Music] the new border crossing is located just a few hours drive south of Kashmir the region India and Pakistan have fought two wars over since their foundation and where they remain on a hostile footing with each other but here on the ground in Punjab at the entrance to the car top or corridor the mood is currently a peaceful even relaxed one [Music] the indian subcontinent is home to over one and a half billion people 20 million of them are sikhs most of them like aman deep live in the punjab a region that was torn apart by the partition of india and pakistan for more than 70 years there was only one border crossing but now there’s a new one guard talked with Amun deep makes his final preparations for a journey that he expects will change his world corridor is bringing peace in the South Asia which is definitely peace for the world I’m on deep singh has seen a lot of the world he spent a number of years in Birmingham England and has also traveled extensively across India and to Dubai but this is his first trip and a politically conscious pilgrim for this purpose the dentist has transformed his small car into a kind of ambassador’s vehicle he’s joined on this expedition to their unfamiliar larger neighbor by his wife Geeta Aman deep conducts one last online check before setting off a video on the Kitab for Sahib corridor the cardboard corridor four kilometers of freshly paved road for Indian seeks a new highway to a holy site it leads to Qatar or Sahib in Pakistan the world’s largest Sikh temple it’s where the founder of their religion Guru Nanak spent the last years of his life in the 16th century and is now bearing it’s a place that every Sikh wants to visit once in their life the first group of pilgrims set up for Haddad quarter also known as Dada bata Sahib in November 2019 the date on which the corridor was inaugurated was no coincidence November 19 the anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall it was opened on the Indian side by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and almost at the same time but not in the same place by his Pakistani counterpart Imran Khan [Music] it had been almost 20 years since plans for such a corridor reversed for hosts by then Indian Premier a pod Bihari Vajpayee [Music] and it’s in that spirit of peace that Amanda and Kira are now making their trip they were both born in Punjab not far from where they now live in good Yana they’re making the trip on behalf of their respective families and are among the first to have been granted permission to go to Kabul [Music] I’m excited I am it is I’m just living the moment I saw many videos many pictures many people going across but to me visiting that place will be a divine feeling basically Hindu religion America married in a sick family and going to almost whimper their journey takes them through the Indian part of the Punjab the breadbasket of India and the only Indian state where Sikhs comprise the majority population the rule even romantic region is home to 18 of the 20 million contain Sikhs [Music] as well as Amman deepen kita pilgrims from within Pakistan are also underway on Sikh holidays believers are required to visit a temple for Gurdwara ideally one of the especially holy places like Nanking asahi birthplace of the religions founder Guru Nanak nan Cana sahib lies a good three hour drive away from Kartarpur this is where Bhupinder Singh lives it works I belong to the first Sikh family who migrated here after 1947 my grandfather and his two brothers were the first ones to come although Sikh families had moved from here to India during the partition 1947 which partition the door on subject at that time it was difficult for a Pakistani seek with the turbulent Olivia today Pakistan has an estimated Sikh population of just 20,000 in a country of 220 million Muslims twenty-eight-year-old per Pinder has strong thoughts about the country’s partition over 70 years ago I could say our Indian Singh brothers on the other side they would look at the good water through binoculars that was their way of paying respect and homage to the shrine for just a single glimpse of the temple these people traveled thousands of kilometres across India we accompany sing through the Pakistani Punjab – nincada Sahib where a sense of tradition meets a more future oriented outlook as typify by singing the tools of his trade are a laptop and camera he’s a YouTube video refer with a very specific target audience [Music] there are sorry pengie ability in the team behind the Punjabi her YouTube channel are trying to increase the love between Pakistan and India because they have so much in common okay I don’t want a Sunday which got hot sorry we don’t understand the reasons for the hate between the two nations the temple of non Kanna Sahib is Saints favorite filming location his videos provide an insight into the Sikh religious service on feast days a ceremonial reader or grantee carries the holy book into the temple on his head an expression of respect together with the ceremonial fan see Kermit live here seek means someone who learns in Sikhism there is one guy he is the almighty and the creator and lord over everything to the supreme god he is the god of truth and he takes care of all living things what’s hard and well ahead women have equal rights in the Sikh religion and there is no caste system because in Hinduism the belief in one God and one book of faith is a concept also familiar to Muslims while Hindus recognized the notion of Guru Sat beneath sacred trees Guru Nanak adopted a range of ideas from the great religions he was surrounded by but also added his own notably the three basic principles praying and thinking of God earning a living by honest means and sharing the fruits of one’s labor with others that’s why Sikh temples all offer free food and drink to visitors regardless of their religious affiliation those who work hard and are eager to share tend to make friends this is perhaps another reason for the growing social presence of Sikhs in Pakistan or PCB solder which fit ice ice ice ice over the last 20 years we Sikhs gradually started to become a more prominent in society as you can see my own family are in the army some are professors doctors engineers and one of our boys is in the Rangers so Hugh and I this created a sense of pride amongst us and now you can see Sikhs represented in every field here even though we’re among the smallest minorities in the country the temple next door has been draped in a special show of lights to celebrate Guru Nanak’s birthday here we meet one of GU Pinder’s relatives who has also enjoyed professional success Mahendran Paulo Singh who’s a proud member of the provincial assembly of Punjab the sole Sikh parliamentarian in Pakistan there’s nothing better than being born in the same place where Sikhism was born and our religion began I’m so proud of that over down here is the ready probe to use again for Mahender the Kartarpur corridor is the fruit of joint efforts at a political and religious level Qatar poor corridor is not a recent idea it’s the result of many decades of prayers by us Sikhs in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan religious tolerance is far from a given Mahender looks to the good example set by his fellow believers booty Duty odyssic now seeks from all over the world our kind of ambassadors for Pakistan and when they see the love and respect they receive from us they will then know that we are a loving and peaceful nation did not Alma nove laura.pirovano Mallika like all Sikh temples this one is funded primarily via donations [Music] the money increasingly comes from the US Canada and Britain where the majority of Sikhs outside the Indian subcontinent live but it’s the stance of Indian Sikhs that is decisive for the region when our Indian visitors go back they will take away the message enough violence or fighting resolves nothing we have to sit together and talk and for that reason the Kartarpur corridor will become the karna poor peace corridor in New Delhi veteran foreign policy expert Manny Shankar Aiyar attributes this primarily to the Sikhs in Pakistan this is a symbol of the importance that Pakistan attaches to reconciling at least the Sikh community with them and don’t forget that it is probably the Sikhs who suffered the most at partition the six would lost the most at partition and the Sikhs also who retaliated the most at partition the history of the Sikhs is one of glory and miserable triumphs and defeats of suffering and inflicting pain and nowhere is this legacy more visible or tangible than an amid Sun the cradle of Sikh culture in Indian Punjab among deep and his wife stopped off to visit his brother who lives nearby and now have their niece with him to visit the first and only partition Museum on the Indian subcontinent the museum was opened in 2017 in the Town Hall of Amritsar to mark the 70th anniversary of partition most of the collection comprises photos and memorabilia of people directly affected by the partition ruins and life-size replicas bear witness to the victims and give visitors a very physical and emotional impression of a suffering forty percent of the population you know uprooted completely from both the side people lost their lives their earnings it’s been 70 years and wounds are not healed in June 1947 the British had agreed to separate Muslim Pakistan from the predominantly Hindu India and grant the two nations independence barely three months later British wanted to rule here so it was their policy to divide dividers that is one of the you know blackest chapter in the colonial rule till now you know you know we meet people who survived that day and you know even expecting the apology from British Parliament up until the very last minute the British left open exactly where the border would run the Radcliffe line named after the British chairman of the boundary committee was drawn in an arbitrary manner with dramatic consequences the independence at that time was like a disease in Punjab it was like a like a plague immediately we started losing people that’s the sad part I mean whenever Independence Day comes at least being a Punjabi I cannot you know I cannot relate myself with the celebration because I cannot ignore this part I cannot ignore the suffering the enforced population transfers in the provinces of Punjab and been gone were unprecedented with up to 20 million displaced persons and 1 million dead there are no exact figures only bitter memories of the past and fears for the future visiting this museum bringing fear in my heart I mean I’m comparing that 1947 moment with today and same thing is happening today as well we should try to do something so that nothing that it will happen again what among deep is referring to is the other element of indo-pakistani division Kashmir the region has a predominantly Muslim population with a large Hindu minority and both countries continue to press claims to the entire territory a visit to the museum provides an alternative perspective of the present whatever body comes into power they really want the narratives on the history from their point of view I read the history but everything when but but when I’m coming to a museum in this age I’m watching many new things and that’s terrible a generation should be told about the mistakes at the earliest age in the partition Museum the thorny tree representing relations between India and Pakistan has leaves bearing friendly wishes but Kiran has also experienced a less promising state of affairs history is being changed I am a teacher and each year courses and the syllabuses are being changed especially history books by replacing chapters in them just a 10-minute walk away from the sobering partition Museum is a truly resplendent side and one intimately connected to the history of the Sikhs the golden temple of amun Itza their holiest site on Indian soil it dates from the 16th and 17th centuries in modern times it was the site of a traumatic event that’s been etched into the memory of Sikhs Rossi David in 1984 there was a massacre a genocide a killing of an entire generation of Sikhs in Delhi after that even to this day we were advised not to talk about to move on salar de john the air be to see por la jolla to see or gauge a load in 1984 Sikhs wanted to create their own state of college stun independent of India with Amritsar as its capital fearing further independence movements the then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered the army to storm the temple to dislodge Sikh extremists who have been using it as a refuge around 500 Sikhs died in the ensuing gunfire a few weeks later Indira Gandhi was murdered by two Sikh bodyguards anti-sikh pogroms broke out and hundreds of innocent civilians were killed those responsible were eventually sentenced over 30 years after the crime we used to look at the ruins left by the massacre and think did this actually happen in an independent in free India or were you not part of India why did it have to come to that later on we gradually tried to dig for more information but we did not find any answers [Music] four seeks the Golden Temple in Amritsar will always be associated with mixed feelings and bitter memories of the storming by the Indian Army the most dark stain on independent India and on the Congress party and on the Rajiv Gandhi government from which despite apologies that have been tendered subsequently it will be difficult for any historian to say the state has been wiped out after taking some valuable history lessons on board for the journey to a potentially brighter future I’m on deep now heads for Qatar and finds time never comes easy it never does not matter how much effort you put how much times you know you can demand it but in today’s political scenario between these two nations Imran Khan took a very bold step and thanks to him that it is happening and we believe it is going to be a wonderful step between both the nations and for the region this part of the Indian Punjab has benefited from recent developments the equivalent of several million euros were invested in building the few kilometers of new road across the sandy plains and the approach to cutting the road was years in the planning but even after the opening it still resembles a building site as does the futuristic looking Visitor Centre barely visible in the haze as the much-awaited destination Garber Sahib now just to passport checkpoints away I’m on deep and ki raat have almost reached the final goal visitor numbers are limited to 5,000 a day now a few weeks after the opening the initial rush has subsided filming is not officially permitted beyond the gates but the Indian authorities have provided an online computer animation of its passenger terminal there are passport checks like at an airport but no visa requirements [Music] it’s hard to describe how I feel I’m on the Pakistani side of the Punjab I’ve just gone through immigration from the Indian side and then I’ll do the same on the Pakistani side you can see the bus behind it I’m about to get on it and then I’ll go to Qatar pour Sahib I have a lot of mixed emotions right now the entire generation has prayed to make it very easy for us to be here today all we had to do was fill out a form at the border and officials from both countries welcomed us and now I would like to thank all of those who made this possible for us it’s our daily except uh Bob and I are this is first glimpse of he cut across I have another scenario deep marvelous structure totally in sync with the Sikh Gurdwara our key thanks finally the pilgrims dream becomes reality [Music] da-da-da-da-da-da-da thank you unfortunately film cameras are not allowed inside the complex but key docs photos an aman beeps personal account do give us an impression of how well preserve the historical interior is and of the other many visitors they met people of all ages and social classes [Music] the visitors are not only Sikhs they also include people from all religions and regions of the subcontinent curious to see the site I appreciate how people have showered us with love we spent the first quarter of an hour just hugging and meeting everyone else everyone here is really passionate and full of life complete strangers come up to say hello they tell us about their own village and they asked us about ours encounters with an impact Lessing longer than the one-day visit we all have to be stakeholders in this we have to put more effort into this initiative this project needs to prevail and we need more initiatives to be taken Todd Porter Sahib is open to visitors for just eight hours a day Indian citizens are not allowed to visit other temples on Pakistani soil so the Singh’s are now at the end of their pilgrimage back to India where Aman deeps family are waiting in their village for a full report on his journey [Music] but no one there was trying to take the credit or saying they were behind the initiative all of them said the same thing it is your right to come here right is on everyone’s lips I found no one who said otherwise I’m excited and looking forward to telling everyone about my experience and encouraging them to go to I know there are some people who are weary when they hear the news Pakistan but I will motivate them to go and experience up until now the cult r4 corridor is only open to Indians traveling to Pakistan but not vice versa Amun deep would like to see Pakistani Sikhs benefitting to do on that very site there are already immigration counters on each side so extending the opening in both directions is possible there are also a lot of places in India that are important for Sikhs friendship has to be from both sides if India now responds positively to our initiative we’ll give them an even better response money our Shankar Aiyar from the opposition Congress party in India does not share his optimism especially when it comes to a commitment from Prime Minister Modi I think he is and against this kind of a thing it doesn’t suit his party and it doesn’t suit his electoral support it should things between the two countries evolved towards peace then he is a worthy candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize as well what is true is that Imran Khan like lots of Pakistani leaders and I would say most Indian leaders you know has an eye on the Nobel Peace Prize which would be the automatic prize that will be given for effecting a reconciliation in the two countries as Asik Amardeep is definitely eager to promote reconciliation between the two nations only through dialogue that is both uninterrupted and uninterruptible that we will be able to arrive at a resolution of these issues including Kashmir what is clear is that the Kartarpur corridor has raised hopes for a more harmonious future in both parts of the punjab and beyond this was a lifetime opportunity for me but I’m really happy I made the decision [Music] you [Music]

Posted by Lewis Heart

This article has 100 comments

  1. Thank you for this video. It is such a great enlightenment to me who oblivious about what The Sikhs gone through. One of my closest childhood neighbor and friend was a sikhs and my current cube mate is a sikhs as well. They and their family are lovely and kind people. I can't find much fault in them at all.

    I hope and pray that situation will only continue to improve from here for them.

    Reply
  2. DW could you please tell me the name of the music that starts at 1:19? It reminds me of my first visit to the Punjab in 1995

    Reply
  3. Remember guys, the parliamentarian included in this documentary belongs to the same party that massacred Sikhs in Delhi. These politicians are just snakes, their politics just kills the innocent.

    Reply
  4. Piglet DW news, India map you showed is highly incorrect

    U can't insult Largest and oldest Democracy in the world

    How much money u took to such incorrect map

    Reply
  5. Why Hindu trolls are in everyones message who are writing love? Seems RSS and BJP is working hard to make people divided.
    Don't do that.

    Reply
  6. Contributed most in Independence. Suffered most in 1947. Again a try to wipe out our entire generation in 1984.
    So Tragic. Our worth will speak one day.

    Reply
  7. katarpur India Gov attack take control gift our Sikh couminty
    Indian army respondity
    👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍

    Reply
  8. Pakistan gave Sikhs the best they could ever have an access to the most holiest sites in the country. You are always welcome.

    Reply
  9. Muslims and sikhs have a common cultural heritage.
    But indian hindu particularly MODI is a symbol of hate between population.
    TARA Singh didn't use his mind to join Pakistan. He was cleverly mishandled by British and Congress. Still time for generation to generation of both countries teach them peace and harmony.
    Modi has a black memory of GUJRAAT massacre and BABRI masjid. Healing process can be used by good relationship.

    Reply
  10. 2 weeks ago a sikh gurudwara was attacked. Many sikh girls are forcefully converted to islam in pakistan. Thousands of Hindus are saving lives comming to India cuz of brutal persecution and kidnappings by pakistani muslims

    Reply
  11. Pakistani Hindus were suffered more than Sikhs . More than 90% Hindus lived in Sindh province . This data is enough to describe discrimination of Hindus in Pakistan . Hindu marriage was not legal in Pakistan

    Reply
  12. Never did i believe before there would be a Sikh nation, but now I can see a Khalistan and its very near maybe in 2020 I can also see Kashmir as independent this racist Bjp and RSS ideology will certainly create new nations.

    Reply
  13. Totally biased one, when Sikh founder and religion it self from Pakistan but they only have 20k out of 200m people now.

    Reply
  14. Dialogue will begin when the Pakistan initiated terrorism stops. No if ands or buts. You can keep your Noble Peace Prize. We choose Peace in India.

    Reply
  15. Sikh wants to make khalistan..oneday thy will be free oneday…i think all countries should support upcoming new country.

    Reply
  16. More Sikhs should move to EU we have a declining population in Europe I Hope more hindu and Sikhs can come to live here and have babies.

    Reply
  17. Well, I don’t think there is any confusion as mentioned. Sikhs are pretty clear about what they want, who they are and where they belong (India or Pakistan, both). My best friend is a Sikh and I am surrounded by Hindu Sikh couples all around. Well, well….it’s not the religions who fail each other ever but the parasitic politicians who benefit out of such feuds.

    Reply
  18. right about 8 mins….. i see where the knowledge is lost in translation….. Sikh or seek(eng) is one of many words that originated in India(origin of knowledge on spiritual thought process)… if only the sense could be translated too!

    Reply
  19. The seiks are Decendance of Drevadians (native) and Invaders from Iran they invent the cast system which is similar to Apartaid, which cause a great deal of misery and division in India

    Reply
  20. The British is known to kill 1.4 billion Indian in Pakistan & India in 300 years of colonization today Indian can been joining racist organization against there own people.edpecially in England they support racism and Apartaid culture.

    Reply
  21. The Sikhs fought for the Brit Empire. But the Brits butchered at Jalian Wala Bagh and deserted them during partition. Congress later defiled the holiest shrine and killed thousands of Sikhs after Maimunah Begum was shot! The Sikhs inspite of this, still elected Scamgress to rule over them. Real sad 😭😢

    Reply
  22. Britain left India 70 Years ago but three things they left Behind is still extensively used in India by the Indian Politicians, Indian Sports Industry and Indian Public .

    1. Divide and Rule (Indian Politicians use it to rule India ).

    2. Cricket ( Indian Cricket Sports Industry is a billion dollar industry ).

    3. English Language ( Indian Public prefer it purely for Job purpose only) .

    Reply
  23. I believe Sikhism is a good culture, however, there is something to be desired. There are pieces missing from Sikhism as a religion.

    People hate colonisers, but there are bigger enemies of India. And assuming Sikhism has all answers, really does not help.

    Reply
  24. Why people say partition was a bad thing….I am sorry for the losses of lives but in India Muslims are 20 crores and they are causing so much problem….Imagine if they were 60 crores(Pakistan+Bangladesh) then they would have waged a civil war like in Middle East and the loss of lives would be much more than the partition of India

    Reply
  25. I doubt the cedibility of such documentaries made by foreigners who are in no way connected to India or the Indian people and its culture. Talking about the 'caste system' being a part of Hinduism is sheer ignorance and lack of knowledge. Caste system was instilled and force fed to the Indians by the British as a part of their divide and rule policy! Hinduism does not believe in caste system! But only an outsider with very little knowledge and understanding of Indian culture can make such remarks!

    The demography of Kashmir was changed forcibly during the genocide of Kashmiri pandits who are Hindus. It's a shame such documentaries do not highlight such issues and give their judgements by baseless knowledge!

    Reply
  26. Nice video ♥️😍
    With great love and respect from Toronto 🇨🇦😍😎🥰☃️☃️🌨️❄️⛄❄️❄️❄️❄️

    Reply
  27. "eventually sentenced" you have your information wrong. The perpretators and executors the roits that killed and displaced thousands, were actually promoted and some are now in power in delhi. Justice was not served ! with thousands still waiting

    Reply
  28. hypocrisy is that which party do the massacre talk about the modi thing …………………………oh ya congress……………….

    Reply
  29. Hello sir,
    The video is good but you are wrong in many facts you have told and even the people who you're interviewed also did the same and I like to correct it here,
    1. Even in Sikhism there is caste discrimination, there are dalit Sikhs even if you want further I can even name it,
    2. As like every religion which has good and bad so as Hinduism, in Islam shia Muslims, Sunni Muslims, ahmeddiyas, Sufis, etc, in Christianity too, Roman Catholics, Syrian Catholics, protestant, etc, even in Jainism there exist ajivikas, and even in Judaism there orthodox, kashyn, modern, etc
    3. In 1857 ,first war of Indian independence who supported the Britishers and crushed the revolted indian side, it's with the fullest cooperation of madras regiment, Sikh regiment , Gurkha regiment, troops from Bengal which un opposed the British rule in india, so who ever supported the British suffered there fate, Sikhs – during the 1947 partition, 1984 Sikh riot, etc madrasis – in 2003 against srilankans in Tamil ellam 2.5 lakh Tamils got killed and displaced during the war period , gurkhas – affected by Maoists and masala, etc, Bengalis suffered heavy casualty and death during partition in 1947 .what you sow, so you reap. Everyone faced their karma more or less. For your information I am a madrasi (tamilian)
    4. Madam Gandhi was a bold prime minister of india and on the murder investigation of her, it was revealed that the intelligence gave information about there can be a possible assassination plan to take revenge because of blue star operation,so we can change the two Sikh guards with other religion but madam replied it would be like discrimination or Distancing ourselves from our own Sikh brothers, so Pls understand it is khalistan terrorist elimination process in which we lost a strong political leader.

    Reply
  30. ManiShankar? Congress even doesn't let him speak & who told you he is a member of Parliament? Couldn't you find any other politician in India? Or just to make Pakistan look good? For record, Sikhs have occupied the post of PM & President in India, where in Pakistan they can't hold these post LEGALLY. That's why millions of Sikhs chose India over Pakistan during partition. Stop this false equivalence & wake up from liberal dream.

    Reply
  31. Sikhs brothers and sisters are most welcome to Pakistan,Pakistani people love them and mostly shop keepers,taxi drivers and Rickshaw drivers do not take fare from them and restaurants mostly offer them free food..👍👍👍👍👍

    Reply
  32. British left India without returning 1/3 of Nepal’s land. These lands are still inside present day India. Parts of Bihar, Darjeeling, Himanchal pradesh, uttarkhand.

    Reply
  33. When I saw Manishankar Aiiyar I was shocked . It's him and his party those killed so many Sikhs and I felt so awesome when he started blaming modi government

    Reply
  34. lots of misinformation.. Sikhi is not an amalgamation of Islam and Hinduism.. It is a revealed path and is the culmination of Sanathan Dharma, its purity. Kashmir is not disputed territory. It was signed off and conceded to India when Pakiustan invaded and looted Kashmir after partition. Sikhs never demanded Khalistan. That was Congress Party conspiracy.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *